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Student Archival Essays
- Australia and the Interwar Internationalism Movement
- In her study of the League of Nations Union in Britain, Helen McCarthy argues that “the League of Nations inspired a rich and participatory culture of political unrest, popular education and civic ritual." Was the same true in Australia?
- Interwar Internationalism: Refugees
- A Broad Unity for Peace: An historical examination of the International Peace Campaign’s Australian Peace Congress, 16th – 19th September, 1937
- Interwar Feminism in Australia and the League of Nations
- What were the primary factors in the failure of the League of Nations Union in Australia to create what Helen McCarthy terms a ‘rich and participatory culture of political protest, popular education and civic ritual’?
- Analyze how the ‘Myth of Collective Security’ was cultivated and evolved in Britain, compared to Australia by the LNU
- The League in Nations: the Effects of Identity
- Paths to Peace: A comparison of the voluntary peace groups in Britain and Australia
- The League of Nations: Lessons and Legacy
Sir William Harrison Moore (1867-1935)
Sir William Harrison Moore was an academic and constitutional lawyer. Moore graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from King’s College Cambridge and a Bachelor of Laws from the University of London. Moore was appointed Dean of the Law School at the University of Melbourne and implemented controversial changes regarding Roman law. He was appointed as an Australian delegate to the League in 1928 and reappointed in both 1929 and 1930. Moore played a significant role in Geneva through revising the rules of the Permanent International Court of Justice.
Ada Constance Duncan (1896 – 1970)
Ada Constance Duncan was a welfare activist and passionately involved in the peace movement. She was appointed as the Australian secretary of the Young Women’s Christian Association in Japan, secretary of the Victorian branch of the Australian League of Nations Union and eventually became secretary of the International Peace Campaign. After the demise of the League of Nations, Duncan was appointed to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration as a welfare officer and helped organize the first UN appeal for children in 1948.
Dorothy Gibson (1899 – 1978)
Miss Dorothy Gibson was an Australian Peace Activist, teacher and communist who was enthusiastically involved in new education. She was an executive-member of the Victorian Council Against War and Fascism and was Victorian assistant to the secretary of the International Peace Campaign.
William Morris (Billy) Hughes (1862 – 1952)
Billy Hughes was Prime Minister of Australia from 1915 – 1923 and known as the ‘little digger’ throughout the Great War as he strongly advocated compulsory conscription. Prime Minister Hughes was successful in obtaining a seat for Australia at the peace table following the Great War and fought for war spoils in the form of reparations, territory and against racial equality in League discussions.
Lord Cecil (1864 – 1958)
Edgar Algernoon Robert Cecil was a British Lawyer and an architect of the League of Nations. Lord Cecil was appalled by the atrocities of the Great War and turned his attention to the maintenance of peace. He was the British representative of the League from 1920 to 1922, President of the British League of Nations Union from 1923 to 1945 and joint founder of the International Peace Campaign. Lord Cecil viewed the dominions as an important part of the British Commonwealth who were to render it assistance.
Woodrow Wilson (1856 – 1924)
Woodrow Wilson was the 28th President of the United states from 1913 – 1921. In January 1918 President Wilson went before congress to present his 14-point speech, which represented a blueprint for future world peace. Wilson played an important role in the creation of the League, so far as he formulated an outline of the Covenant, however the United States congress rejected the idea of the League and consequently weakened its character. 
 Loretta Re, “Moore, Sir William Harrison (1867 – 1935)”, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/moore-sir-william-harrison-7645, accessed online 2 October 2015.
 Diane Langmore, “Duncan Ada Constance (1896 – 1970)”, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/duncan-ada-constance-10061, accessed online 2 October 2015.
 Nita Murray-Smith, “Gibson, Dorothy (1899-1978)”, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/gibson-dorothy-10297, accessed online 2 October 2015.
 Hudson, Australia and the League of Nations (Paramatta: Sydney University Press, 1980), 17.
 Frederick W. Haberman, “Robert Cecil – Biographical”, Official Website of the Nobel Prize, http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1937/chelwood-bio.html, accessed online on 2 October 2015.
 Hudson, Australia and the League of Nations (Paramatta: Sydney University Press, 1980), 46.
 Frank Friedel and Hugh Sidey, “Woodrow Wilson”, Presidential Biographies, White House, https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/woodrowwilson, accessed online 2 October 2015.
 ‘The Covenant of the League of Nations’, in The Aims and Organisation of the League of Nations (Geneva: Secretariat of the League of Nations, 1929), 14.